In the 2010/2011 Financial year you/partner can claim 20% of all Net (Gross payment less Refunds) Medical Costs over $2000 (has gone up), for yourself and all your family (husband, wife, children and any other family that you support, e.g. Parent Nursing Home costs at a certain level); which includes but not limited to Specialists, dentists, etc as noted below; included also is the pre-opti diet as limited to what the specialist has prescribed only; and much much more. (though not accommodation or travel; nor certain elective plastic surgery; though it some cases where a deformity is changed in total; it is an allowable deduction). Refer to the ATO website "http://www.ato.gov.au/individuals/content.asp?doc=/content/00218527.htm ". There is also a 'Thread' on this site with some more.